# What does torque mean in electric bikes?

## Table of Contents

## The torque of the E-Bike

The term “torque” is the force that is multiplied by length. In the case of e-bikes, it is the force exerted by the arm crank multiplied by its length. Torque is the measure of the power for the engine to rotate its rear wheels of the e-bike. It is the method of determining the power that the motor. The torque of the e-bike fluctuates as the motor is switched on.

For instance, if weigh 200 pounds and sit up on the bike pedal that is usually seven inches in length, you’d have 1400 Inch pounds or 8 Newton-meters!

## What can e-bike torque be used to accomplish?

E-bike torque enables e-bikes to accelerate and assist in climbing hills. A higher torque produces more force, making it simpler for e-bikes to move from a standstill and reach maximum velocity in lesser time.

Torque stops the motor of an e-bike from becoming stuck and coming to an end and lets the rider pedal more lightly. While it is not recommended, higher torque can also aid e-bikes carrying a lot in their weight move.

## How much torque do e-bikes have?

In general, e-bikes with lower horsepower typically have a torque of about 50 Newton-meters, whereas the higher powered ones usually feature 80 Newton-meters and more, ranging as high as 120 Newtons. To climb steep hills, a force at least 70 Newton-meters is advised.

## The relation between the e-bike’s speed and torque

E-bike torque is a measure of rotational force while speed is the distance traveled over a period of time. A bike that has more speed will accelerate and attain greater speeds in shorter time. At higher speeds it is less torque, and therefore speed and torque are ininverse proportion.

## Do you have the ability to improve the torque of your e-bike?

The torque of an E-bike can be enhanced by changing to a battery with a higher voltage. This are in between 36 and 52V. For certain motors with specific power levels, increasing the torque of e-bikes is not possible. For mid-drive motors, the torque can become more powerful by altering the gearing.

## The power and the torque

“Work” is force divided by distance. The power is work multiplied by the amount of time i.e. force x distance/time taken. The power is determined by adding the power by its speed the rotation.

One way to comprehend the power and torque is to imagine the concept of a race car and tractor. Both motors can be of the same strength. Since it is the case that a race vehicle is smaller in weight and is more aerodynamic and aerodynamic, it doesn’t require the same amount of torque to propel it. It requires higher speeds, which is why gearing is employed to drive the wheels at a higher speed but with less torque.

A tractor can be equipped with the same power. This power moves through lower gearing. This turns the back wheels slowly, but with greater speed. The tractor isn’t able to attain high speeds however it will pull and push more weight.

To measure the power in Watts in Watts, there are two types of measurements which are the continuous power and the peak. The majority of e-bikes come with a 250 or 300 watt motor. This is the power that runs continuously for this motor i.e. the power the motor can maintain on a constant base without causing excessive heat.

Peak power is measured by adding the voltage by the Amps that the controller is using. There are a few brands that specify what number of Amps in their motor controller, however the majority are around 15 to 20 Amps. A 36 Volt e-bike equipped with an Amp controller of 15 amps will offer 540 watts (36 Volts multiplied by 15 amps) in peak output. Peak power will significantly improve performance on steep hill climbs. an engine with more power to turn, and more peak power will surpass a bike that has smaller turning force and less peak power.